The multi-ethnic and multi-religious region is home to many Christians. Christians were soon to forced to make a choice: convert, pay tax, be killed, or leave.
While so called Islamic State was committing genocide against Christians and other minorities, there was no practical steps taken by western coalition against ISIS.
According to The Express, in one reported mass exodus, 100,000 Christians fled Mosul in one night “after the jihadi fanatics embarked on a ‘genocidal’ campaign of ethnic cleansing.”
At that point, anti-ISIS forces,specially Hashd al-Shaabi palyed an important role in retaking Christian towns held by ISIS. Hashd al-Shaabi took concrete steps in order that religious minorities could regain their security and peace.
Many Christians throughout the Middle East are fighting the war against ISIS with the help of Iraqi army and the Popular Mobilization Forces.
The Christian population includes Chaldean, Assyrian, Armenian and Syriac communities, once numbering more than a million nationwide, with upwards of 600,000 in Baghdad alone, but there are now fewer than 350,000 in the country.